Authorial Fictions and Attributions in the Ancient Mediterranean II

From the BRANE Collective in partnership with the North American Society for the Study of Christian Apocryphal Literature and the Second Temple Early Career Academy

Organised by Julia Lindenlaub and Chance Bonar

Featuring Jeremiah Coogan, Alin Suciu,
Olivia Stewart Lester, and Natalie Dohrmann, with Tobias Nicklas

Tuesday, October 5, 2021

12:00-1:30pm EST // 6:00-7:30pm CET

PLEASE REGISTER HERE

This colloquium brings together scholars working on early Judaism, early Christianity, and Classics to discuss authorship and attribution beyond the typical boundaries of our fields. Monthly events through December will feature panel discussions of prominent work in this area, alongside new research presentations. Come join us to hear interdisciplinary dialogue on authorial fictions and attributions in the ancient Mediterranean, featuring top scholars in ancient history, as well as rising stars among early career researchers!

Stay tuned for further registration details for our upcoming events on November 9 and December 9!

Programme

Jeremiah Coogan, “Early Christian Negotiations of Gospel Authorship”

Alin Suciu, “Authorship and Fiction in the Coptic Apostolic Memoirs”

Olivia Stewart Lester, “Can a Fictional Prophet Be an Author? Attribution and the Production of the Sibylline Oracles”

Natalie Dohrmann, “Rabbinic Authorship, Authority, and Canon Making”

Tobias Nicklas, Respondent

Participants

Jeremiah Coogan is a scholar of the New Testament and early Christianity whose research focuses on Gospel reading, material texts, and late antiquity. His forthcoming monograph, Eusebius the Evangelist, analyses Eusebius of Caesarea’s fourth-century reconfiguration of the Gospels as a window into broader questions of technology and textuality in early Christianity and the late ancient Mediterranean. His current book project investigates how early Christians deployed literary and bibliographic categories to understand similarities and differences between Gospel texts.

Alin Suciu is specialised in the history and literatures of Eastern Christian Churches, with a special emphasis on the Egyptian Coptic Church. He is particularly interested in the transmission of apocryphal and patristic literature from early Christian centuries to medieval times. He is the author of the Berlin-Strasbourg Apocryphon: A Coptic Apostolic Memoir (Tübingen, 2017).

Olivia Stewart Lester’s research focuses on prophecy in Hellenistic Judaism, early Christianity, and the larger ancient Mediterranean. Her first book is entitled Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4­–5 (Mohr Siebeck, 2018). The book adds to a growing body of scholarship challenging narratives about prophecy’s decline in the early Roman imperial period and examines constructions of true and false prophecy at the intersections of interpretation, gender, and economics. She is currently working on a monograph on the Jewish-Christian Sibylline Oracles.

Natalie Dohrmann is a scholar of early rabbinic Judaism, with a special interest in the place of rabbinic law in the imperial culture of the Roman Near East. Her most recent piece is “Ad similitudinem arbitrorum: On the Perils of Commensurability and Comparison in Roman and Rabbinic Law,” in Legal Engagement: The Reception of Roman Tribunals and Law by Jews and Other Provincials of the Roman Empire, edited by K. Berthelot, N. B. Dohrmann, and C. Nemo-Pekelman (École française de Rome, 2021).

Tobias Nicklas, born 1967, has published a wealth of research on early Christianity, including apocryphal literature, New Testament, reception history, and canonisation. As the director of the Beyond Canon research centre, his work continues to explore these topics.

Authorial Fictions and Attributions in the Ancient Mediterranean

From the BRANE Collective in partnership with the North American Society for the Study of Christian Apocryphal Literature and the Second Temple Early Career Academy

Organised by Julia Lindenlaub and Chance Bonar

Featuring Karen King, Joseph Howley,
Liv Ingeborg Lied, Roberta Mazza, Hindy Najman, Irene Peirano Garrison, Hugo Méndez, and Patricia Rosenmeyer

Friday, September 24, 2021

Panel 1: 9:30-11:00am EST / 3:30-5:00pm CET
Panel 2: 2:30-4:00pm EST / 8:30-10:00pm CET

PLEASE REGISTER FOR PANEL 1 HERE

PLEASE REGISTER FOR PANEL 2 HERE

This colloquium brings together scholars working on early Judaism, early Christianity, and Classics to discuss authorship and attribution beyond the typical boundaries of our fields. Monthly events through December will feature panel discussions of prominent work in this area, alongside new research presentations. Come join us to hear interdisciplinary dialogue on authorial fictions and attributions in the ancient Mediterranean, featuring top scholars in ancient history, as well as rising stars among early career researchers!

Stay tuned for further registration details for our upcoming events on October 5, November 9, and December 9!

Panel 1: Panellists Karen King, Joseph Howley, Liv Ingeborg Lied, and Roberta Mazza will discuss the essay: Karen L. King, “‘What is an Author?’: Ancient Author-Function in the Apocryphon of John and the Apocalypse of John,” in Scribal Practices and Social Structures Among Jesus Adherents: Essays in Honour of John S. Kloppenborg, ed. William E. Arnal et al., BETL 285 (Leuven: Peeters, 2016), 15-42.

Panel 2: Panellists Hindy Najman, Irene Peirano Garrison, Hugo Méndez, and Patricia Rosenmeyer will discuss the essay: Hindy Najman and Irene Peirano Garrison, “Pseudepigraphy as an Interpretive Construct,” in The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha: Fifty Years of the Pseudepigrapha Section at the SBL, ed. Matthias Henze and Liv Ingeborg Lied, SBLEJL 50 (Atlanta: SBL, 2019), 331-355.

Panellists for Event 1

Karen L. King was trained in comparative religions and historical studies. She is the author of books and articles on the diversity of ancient Christianity, women and gender studies, and religion and violence.  Her particular passion is studying recently discovered literature from Egypt, including The Gospel of Mary, The Apocalypse of James, The Gospel of Philip, and The Secret Revelation of John

Joseph Howley teaches Latin, the history of the book, and the humanities and literature more broadly. He has published on Roman intellectual and reading cultures, including Roman study abroad and juristic writing, as well as the history of the book and reading. His first book, Aulus Gellius and Roman Reading Culture: Text, Presence and Imperial Knowledge in the Noctes Atticae, was published in 2018 by Cambridge University Press.  His current project concerns enslaved labor in the history of the Roman book.

Liv Ingeborg Lied is a scholar of early Jewish texts and their manuscript transmission. She is interested in the methods, ethics and epistemologies of textual scholarship and the academic imagination of ancient literature.

Roberta Mazza is an expert of Graeco-Roman material culture and papyrologist. Her primary interests include the history of Egypt in the Graeco-Roman period, late antiquity, and the rise of Christianity. Her most recent research looks at the materiality of texts and the ethics involved in collecting, handling and publishing ancient papyrus manuscripts.

Panellists for Event 2

Hindy Najman’s research interests encompass Composition and Author Function; Construction and Imitation of Biblical Figures; Pseudepigraphy and Attribution; Revelation; Idealized Sage; Perfectionism; Philological Practices; Diaspora and Exile; Authority and Authenticity; Allegorical Interpretation and Midrash; Destruction and Trauma; Collection and Canon; Generic categories; Performance and Poetics; the History of Biblical Interpretation; and Scholarly Practices of Reading biblical traditions. She focuses on Hebrew Bible; Dead Sea Scrolls; Hellenistic Jewish Literature, especially Philo of Alexandria and early Rabbinic literature and ancient Jewish liturgy. 

Irene Peirano Garrison works on Roman poetry and its relation to rhetoric and literary criticism, both ancient and modern.  She is especially interested in ancient strategies of literary reception, in notions of authorship in antiquity and in the history of scholarship.

Hugo Méndez is a New Testament scholar, whose work foregrounds the role invention and pseudepigraphy have played in early Christian attempts to lay claim to the biblical and establish a discursive authority over it. His first book, The Cult of St. Stephen in Jerusalem: Inventing a Patron Martyr, is forthcoming with Oxford University Press. He is currently writing a second monograph tentatively entitled Gospel Truth: The Books of John as a Literary Tradition of Pseudepigraphy.

Patricia A. Rosenmeyer‘s publications include books on non-canonical authors and “marginal” topics:  The Poetics of Imitation (CUP 1992); Ancient Epistolary Fictions (CUP 2001); Ancient Greek Literary Letters (Routledge 2006); and The Language of Ruins (OUP 2018).  She is currently working on a commentary on Sappho for undergrads, and a study of Jewish receptions of classical literature. 

Primary Text Lab III: Ascension of Isaiah

Curated by Jeremiah Coogan

with Warren Campbell, David Frankfurter,
Emily Gathergood, and Meghan Henning

Wednesday, 23 June 2021
11:00am PDT / 2:00pm EDT / 7:00pm BST

PLEASE REGISTER HERE

A link to the text to be discussed will be included in your registration confirmation email.

The Primary Text Lab series, directed by Julia Lindenlaub, brings together a panel of scholars to examine closely a single text from different perspectives, in an open conversation on any aspect of its interpretation.

The Ascension of Isaiah is a text from the Roman Mediterranean that has left its fingerprints in a wide range of contexts and that enjoys a rich ongoing life in the Ethiopic Christian tradition. The text narrates the prophet Isaiah’s execution by Manasseh and recounts Isaiah’s vision of future events. Although it is often described as an apocalypse, the Ascension of Isaiah defies simple categorisation. As a result, it invites capacious conversation about the categories that modern scholars use to understand ancient texts —such as dependence and intertextuality or ‘Judaism’ and ‘Christianity’ — and about how we study texts with expansive histories across historical, linguistic, and religious contexts.

Come join us on 23 June to think with an international panel of scholars who engage the Ascension of Isaiah from a range of scholarly perspectives and at various points in its long history of reception. Participants are invited to read the brief text in preparation for the panel or simply to show up and learn from the conversation.

Jeremiah Coogan, curator of this text lab, is a scholar of the New Testament and early Christianity whose research focuses on Gospel reading, material texts, and late antiquity. His forthcoming monograph, Eusebius the Evangelist, analyses Eusebius of Caesarea’s fourth-century reconfiguration of the Gospels as a window into broader questions of technology and textuality in early Christianity and the late ancient Mediterranean. His current project uses the complex reception of Matthew’s Gospel to engage ongoing debates about continuity and change in Second Temple, rabbinic, and early Christian texts. 

Discussants

Warren Campbell works along the borderline of early Jewish and early Christian studies, focusing on questions of exchange, emergence, textual transmission, and identity. Warren’s current project concerns the depiction of a Jewish Paul in the literary and material appropriation of To the Hebrews as a Pauline letter in second- and third-century Egypt.

David Frankfurter works on apocalyptic literature, as well as popular religion, demonology, magic, and material devotion in Roman and late antique Egypt, with interests also in prophetic movements in early Roman Asia Minor.

Emily Gathergood researches women in early Jewish and Christian texts and artefacts, with a particular interest in the construction of women’s bodies in relation to salvation. Her current project, The Midwifery of God, focuses on the early reception of Eve’s childbearing ‘curse’ (Genesis 3:16) in a cluster of texts which envisage its divine reversal – including the Ascension of Isaiah.

Meghan Henning works on the New Testament and Early Christianity, hell, apocalyptic literature, apocryphal literature, ancient rhetoric, disability studies, gender, reception history, and ancient pedagogy. Meghan’s first book on the pedagogical function of Hell in antiquity is entitled Educating Early Christians through the Rhetoric of Hell. Her forthcoming book, Hell Hath No Fury (September 2021), is about the conceptualisation of gender, disability, and the body in the early Christian apocalypses.

Have a primary text you’d like to discuss? Propose a Primary Text Lab! Proposals from scholars at all stages, including graduate students, are warmly welcome. See the Event Toolkit to get started!

Primary Text Lab II: Hammurabi

Curated by Andrew A. N. Deloucas

with Pamela Barmash,
M. Willis Monroe, Moudhy Al-Rashid,
and Seth L. Sanders

Friday, May 7th, 2021
8:00 PDT / 10:00 CDT / 11:00 EDT / 16:00 BST

Please register here

a link to the text to be discussed will be included in your registration confirmation email

The Primary Text Lab series, directed by Julia Lindenlaub, brings together a panel of scholars to examine closely a single text from different perspectives, in an open conversation on any aspect of its interpretation.

The text in question for this event is known by a few names: Codex Hammurabi, Hammurabi’s Stele, the Laws of Hammurabi. Regardless of what we wish to call it, this object is often equated with the socio-political reality of Old Babylonian Mesopotamia. First carved out of diorite stone and presented to Shamash in the 18th century BCE, it was taken as booty by the Elamite king Šutruk-Nahhunte in the 12th century BCE and excavated by the French government 31 centuries later; it remains today in the Louvre. Even though Hammurabi’s Stele is one of the longest known singular texts from the ancient Near East, its context is typically relegated to the world of law. But this is not the only reason for its existence.

Come join us on May 7 to hear from a panel of international scholars with an array of expertise about the luscious realities that are overlooked when we leave texts to be defined by singular genres. We will be examining the object’s prologue and epilogue – the bookends of this collection of legal decisions – in order to tease out Hammurabi’s world at large: its gods, identity, intertextuality, schooling, and aesthetics.

Andrew Alberto Nicolas Deloucas, curator of this text lab, is an Assyriologist focused on the first two thousand years of cuneiform cultures (~3500-1500 BCE). His primary focus is on socio-political history of the early Old Babylonian Period (~2000-1750 BCE), especially on interaction of polity and cult. He is a coordinator of the Graduate Symposium in Ancient Near Eastern Studies as well as Harvard University’s Methodologies in Egyptology and Mesopotamian Studies. Outside of research, he teaches undergraduates about the wild beauty of studying history and language.

Discussants

Pamela Barmash does research on biblical and ancient Near Eastern law and has published monographs on homicide (Homicide in the Biblical World, 2005) and on the Laws of Hammurabi (The Laws of Hammurabi: At the Confluence of Royal and Scribal Traditions, 2020). She also works on history and memory and has edited volumes on the Exodus in the Jewish experience and on how the change of empires affected ancient Israel. She also writes rabbinic responsa on contemporary issues in Jewish communities.

M. Willis Monroe is managing editor of a database of Religious History and teaches courses on the Ancient Near East in Classical, Near Eastern, and Religious Studies departments.  His research focuses on the history of religion and science in Mesopotamia.  With a particular concentration on astronomical and astrological texts from cuneiform sources, his work highlights the role of textual format and layout in constructing scholarly knowledge.

Moudhy Al-Rashid is a postdoctoral researcher in the history of science and medicine. She has written for academic journals and public outlets, including History Today, on diverse topics in the history of the ancient Middle East. She serves on the management committee of Nahrein, a project in sustainability and cultural heritage in Iraq and neighbouring countries, and on the council of the British Institute for the Study of Iraq.

Seth L. Sanders is a philologist studying the alchemy of language, religion, and politics in the ancient Near East. He is (co-)editor of Margins of Writing, Origins of Cultures (2006); Cuneiform in Canaan (2006); Ancient Jewish Sciences and the History of Knowledge in Second Temple Literatures (2014); and How to Build a Sacred Text in the Ancient Near East (JANER) (2016), and author of The Invention of Hebrew (2009) and From Adapa to Enoch: Scribal Culture and Religious Vision in Judea and Babylon (2017). He is working on a book on ancient West Semitic linguistic genres and religious practice.

Have a primary text you’d like to discuss? Propose a Primary Text Lab! Proposals from scholars at all stages, including graduate students, are warmly welcome. See the Event Toolkit to get started!

New PhD Showcase: Esther Brownsmith, “Inconspicuous Consumption: Conceptual Metaphors of Women as Food,” with Athalya Brenner-Idan, Steed Davidson, and Meredith Warren

Date TBA! Please stay tuned

Discussants

Athalya Brenner-Idan is the author of many books on the Hebrew Bible and feminist biblical criticism, including The Israelite Woman: Social Role and Literary Type in Biblical Narrative (1985, 2014), and I Am: Biblical Women Tell Their Own Stories (2004). She is a former president of the SBL and the editor (with Gale Yee) of the Text @ Contexts series.

Steed Davidson is interested in how empire shapes the Hebrew Bible and its reading. He is the author of Empire and Exile: Postcolonial Readings of Selected Texts of the Book of Jeremiah (2013), the forthcoming Prophetic Otherness: Constructions of Otherness in Prophetic Literature (2021), and other works on prophetic and historical texts through the lens of postcolonial and other critical theories.

Meredith J.C. Warren researches how food and taste function in ancient texts. She is the author of Food and Transformation in Ancient Mediterranean Literature (2019), which analyzes “hierophagy,” transformational other-wordly eating, and My Flesh Is Meat Indeed: A Nonsacramental Reading of John 6:51–58 (2015), which examines Jesus’ commandment to consume his flesh and blood alongside fictional accounts of human sacrifice.

New PhD Showcase: Nathan Shedd, “The Beheading of John the Baptist: Memory, Violence, and Reception,” with Kelly J. Murphy, Rafael Rodriguez, and Sarah Rollens

de Grebber, Pieter Fransz.; Herodias Mutilating the Severed Head of Saint John the Baptist Held by Salome; Wellcome Library; http://www.artuk.org/artworks/herodias-mutilating-the-severed-head-of-saint-john-the-baptist-held-by-salome-125941

February 25, 4:00 – 5:30 pm EST/9:00 pm UK time

Register here

This PhD Showcase continues the series’ aim of sharing the doctoral research of recent PhD graduates. The event features Dr. Nathan Shedd’s work the beheading of John the Baptist in the gospels and their early reception history. The conversation will focus on the memory of violence in early Christianity and the communicative impact of John’s severed head. Nathan’s presentation will discuss Mark 6:16-29 and Herod Antipas’ masculinity in context of John’s beheading. Registered participants will receive a handout the day before the event.

Discussants

Kelly J. Murphy is a scholar of the Hebrew Bible and its reception, with a particular interest in gender and economics. She is the author of Rewriting Masculinity: Gideon, Men, and Might (2019) and is currently working on a book on how the Bible has been used in discourses about poverty over time, and a new project on the trope of severed heads in the Bible and its reception.

Rafael Rodriguez is the author of several books on the New Testament and social memory, including of Structuring Early Christian Memory: Jesus in Tradition, Performance, and Text (2010), Oral Tradition and the New Testament: A Guide for the Perplexed (2014), The So-Called Jew in Paul’s Letter to the Romans (2016), and Jesus Darkly: Remembering Jesus with the New Testament (2018).

Sarah E. Rollens researches Christian origins and social theory, with a focus on Q and the Synoptic Gospels. She is the author of Framing Social Criticism in the Jesus Movement: The Ideological Project in the Sayings Gospel Q (2014), and is currently working on a study of violent imagery in early Christian texts.

Who’s Reading Who?

This two-part conversation on “reading” and interpreting authoritative texts asks the question, “Who’s Reading Who?”—that is, who is doing the “reading” of authoritative texts and whose readings are prioritized?

FEATURING a draw for a 200£ book credit from Bloomsbury open to graduate students and adjunct instructors! Come to both parts and enter your name twice for a chance to win!


The first session will focus on interpretive authority and authorities. From constitutional originalism to historical criticism of the Bible, certain modes of reading and interpreting texts are deemed “objective” or “neutral.” Speakers will analyze these modes of reading and interpretation, drawing attention to their pitfalls and the ways in which they elide or silence other ways of approaching authoritative texts.

The second session will look at forms of “reading” that critique dominant forms of interpretation. How do scholars engage with authoritative texts in order to critique and provide alternatives to dominant, so-called objective forms of reading? What are some available community-based practices of textual interpretation, and what does ethical “reading” look like in these communities of accountability? What can practices like chanting or singing tell us about how different people approach authoritative texts?

Part 1: Authority and Authorities

Chance Bonar

Shaily Patel

CJ Schmidt

Jason A. Staples

Stephen L. Young

January 28, 2021, 3:00–4:30 pm EST

Registration: https://virginiatech.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_eWRKLeBYTF-9ze1yvHnT3A

Part 2: Interpretation and Ethics

Ericka Dunbar

Charlotte Eubanks

Lynn R. Huber

Lauren E. Osborne

M Adryael Tong

February 5, 2021, 3:00–4:30 pm EST

Registration: https://virginiatech.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_ckS4hIaiSh2AxkOw375zgw

Primary Text Lab I: Apocryphon of James

The BRANE Collective is thrilled to launch a new series, the Primary Text Laboratory, with an inaugural event on Apocryphon of James! This series brings together a panel of scholars to examine closely a single text from different perspectives, in an open conversation on any aspect of its interpretation. Our aim is to share infrequently studied texts with a wider audience and to provide a space for interested researchers to chat about the texts they love!

Have a primary text you’d like to discuss? Propose a Primary Text Lab! Proposals from scholars at all stages, including graduate students, are warmly welcome. The BRANE Collective can help facilitate, including connecting with scholars you’d like to invite. See the Event Toolkit to get started!

For this first event in the series, we have a panel of scholars with diverse approaches on Apocryphon of James. This fascinating text is not so well known as some of its Nag Hammadi peers, but it offers a distinct opportunity to discuss topics such as reception of Jesus tradition, genre designations of texts about Jesus, and early portrayals of the apostles. Come join us for an exciting discussion and learn more about this text’s contribution to our understanding of early Christian literature.

Wednesday, March 31
2:00 – 3:30pm Eastern time (US)/7:00-8:30pm UK time

Please register here

A link to the text will be sent with your registration confirmation.

Discussants:

Karen L King, Kimberly Bauser McBrien, Sarah Parkhouse,
Elizabeth Schrader, Kristine Toft Rosland

Karen L. King is trained in comparative religions and historical studies and is the author of books and articles on the diversity of ancient Christianity, women and gender studies, and religion and violence. Her particular passion is studying recently discovered literature from Egypt, including the Gospel of Mary, the Apocalypse of James, the Gospel of Philip, and the Secret Revelation of John.

Kim Bauser McBrien is interested in the New Testament and early Christianity, with a focus on the role of memory in the preservation and production of tradition in the canonical gospels and extra-canonical literature of the first three centuries. Her work specialises in Apocryphon of James, including themes of social memory and pseudepigraphy. She also has published on biblical studies pedagogy in the undergraduate classroom.

Sarah Parkhouse researches early Christianity, and has particular interests in the second century, diversity within religious thought and practices, and how locality shapes and is shaped by religion. She has written a book and articles on ‘dialogue gospels’ and has just started a project on Coptic literature and artefacts within the Egyptian landscape.

Kristine Toft Rosland works on the Nag Hammadi Codices and Egyptian monastic material from the fourth and fifth centuries. She specialises in the Apocryphon of John, its textual variants, and its Christology. Her methodological interests also include fan fiction, and she has published on its application to the relationship between Apocryphon of John and Genesis.

Elizabeth Schrader’s research interests include textual criticism, the New Testament Gospels, the Nag Hammadi corpus, Mary Magdalene, and feminist theology. Her article “Was Martha of Bethany Added to the Fourth Gospel in the Second Century?” was published in the Harvard Theological Review. Her work has been featured by both the Daily Beast and Religion News Service.

New PhD Showcase: Julia Lindenlaub, “The Beloved Disciple as Interpreter and Author of Scripture in the Gospel of John,” with Chris Keith, Anne Kreps, and Hugo Méndez

image shows an illuminated 16th century Ethiopian codex open to the Gospel of John. John the Evangelist is depicted in the process of writing John 1.


Thursday, Dec. 17, 9:00 am PST/12 noon EST/5:00 pm UK
Please register here

A handout that will introduce participants to Dr. Lindenlaub’s dissertation will be sent out to all registrants before the meeting.

This event will be live captioned by a professional CART provider.

Discussants:

Chris Keith is the author of many books on early Christian text production, literacy, and book culture, including The Gospel as Manuscript: An Early History of the Jesus Tradaition as Material Artifact (Oxford University Press, 2020), Jesus against the Scribal Elite: The Origins of the Conflict (Baker Academic, 2014), Jesus’ Literacy: Scribal Culture and the Teacher from Galilee (T&T Clark, 2011), and The Pericope Adulterae, the Gospel of John, and the Literacy of Jesus (Brill, 2009).

Anne Kreps researches early Jewish and Christian scriptural practices, with a particular interest in Valentinian and Gnostic Christianities.  Her forthcoming monograph, The Crucified Book, examines early Christian theories of sacred writing, centering often-neglected non-canonical material. She is also interested in New Religious Movements, particularly those who look to the Essenes of antiquity to shape group identity. 

Hugo Méndez is interested in Johannine literature, ritual uses of biblical texts, and early Christian martyr cults. His forthcoming book is entitled Inventing Stephen: The Early Cult of the Protomartyr in Late Ancient Jerusalem, and he is now working on a new book that challenges the ways scholars have used biblical texts to reconstruct Christianity in the first and second centuries, with a focus on rethinking the so-called “Johannine community.”

“Low Tolerance” Happy Hour

image shows an assortment of beers and liquors, a coffee cup with Yiddish insults, and two bags of junk food.

Register here for BRANE’s Low Tolerance Happy Hour, Dec. 5, 1pm Pacific/4pm EST/9pm UK! Join the cutting edge of scholarship, mixology, and indigestion! Let’s share our unwise conference drink or food choices. As always, inclusive of gender, of alcohol and/or caffeine tolerance, and of ten-dollar hapax legomena.